As we age, our senses decline. We lose part of our ability to see, hear, and feel the things around us. Along with loss of bone density and slower reaction time, the elderly are more prone to accidents within the home that can lead to serious injury or death. Proof of insurance your home is a way to limit the risk for the elderly.
Follow the basic safety concepts
Emergency post where they are easily accessible to the elderly. Locating phones in each room in an area where they are within reach from the ground if a fall occurs. Lower the temperature in the water heater to 120 degrees Fahrenheit to prevent burns. Look around the house for torn carpet, loose carpets and extension cords or appliances that could cause a fall. Make sure they are smoke detectors in your house in order of operation.
Make sure that the lighting of the kitchen is adequate, especially around the tops of the range, sink and counter. If the range uses gas, make sure that the pilot light is automatically cut off. Avoid the possibility of reaching over the burners by installing a range that has dials on the front of the stove. Older adults should avoid wearing loose clothing while working in the kitchen.
Safety of living areas
The living, dining and family rooms should have sturdy furniture with arms that provide support to stand or sit. Clearly areas of obstructions to avoid tripping or falling.
Use non-slip strips on ladders and be secure and tidy. Provide railings on stairs and light switches at the top and bottom of stairs.
Put a flashlight on the bedside table and connect a night light for night trips to the bathroom. Provide a chair in the bedroom to allow the older adult to sit while changing clothes. If possible, install a thermostat in the room so the temperature in the bedroom can be adjusted without affecting the rest of the house.
Install handles in the tub or shower to provide support and prevent slips and falls. Use non-slip mats in the foot area of the tub. A single-handle faucet can prevent burns. Bath exits must be earthed to avoid discharges. Add a flexible arm accessory to the shower head bath tub and a bench and so the senior can sit and bathe one.
Supervision of the elderly
Use a baby monitor or a walkie-talkie to supervise an older adult in the home. When you are away, invest in a wrist monitor to receive signals to your cell phone or PDA with information such as heart rate and blood pressure of the older person. If the senior is going to leave Home alone during the day, they will sign you up for a medical alert program where a monitoring company can help you in case of fall or medical emergency.
Prepare your home to be wheelchair accessible. Most wheelchairs require at least 36 inches wide to pass through a hallway. A recovery area at the end of the corridor should have 60 inches of open space to allow for a 180 degree turn. Replace levers with levers to accommodate older adults who suffer from arthritis or weakened muscles.
Ten percent of all cataracts among the elderly require hospitalization, according to Centers for Disease Control. Inactivity and use of medications increase the risk of falls, such as mobility problems, loss of vision and chronic health conditions. Reduce the risk of falls by reviewing medications with a doctor by enrolling the senior in an exercise program designed for the elderly and scheduling annual vision exams.
Provide a cell phone
Seniors must have a cell phone with emergency phone numbers as well as family members for speed dialing. This is an economical way to ensure the safety and well-being of an older adult.